Sixth Sense And Distracted Driving
By: Louis Cooper
Last updated: 24 May 2016
Driving is such commonplace nowadays, that your morning commute probably feels like groundhog day. You might find yourself on autopilot doing the same journey day after day, with your eyes wandering from the road and onto the scenery lining the motorway. And that’s fine, driving itself doesn’t take 100% of our concentration.
Learning to drive is an exception, but once we have learnt every required subtask involved with the driving process, we can code the subtasks into a subroutine which can be processed automatically. Each subroutine can be performed simultaneously and almost without our conscious attention. Of course, paying close attention to other driver’s movements on busy roads and always staying aware is essential. But is there a sixth sense protecting us whilst driving? Or is it concentration alone?
Scientists at the University of Houston believe there is. In a study they carried out invovling 59 volunteers, they found:
- Out of the three distractions, texting caused participants to lane drift and their driving was unsafe.
- In the other two distractions, drivers were jittery in the handling of the wheel, but their steering resulted in straighter trajectories which matched normal and safer driving.
The scientists found that this paradox was linked with the brain’s hand-eye coordination loop and it’s ‘fight or flight’ instinct, otherwise known as the anterior cingulate cortex. When a driver is texting the hand-eye coordination loop is broken, shutting off the ACC leaving the driver unable to correct wrong movements. Whereas in the other two distraction cases the brain’s ACC automatically intervenes, when there is a strong steer to the left, it is counterbalanced by an equally strong steer to the right and vice versa.
The leading scientist of the study Loannis Pavlidis claimed:
"The driver’s mind can wander and his or her feelings may boil, but a sixth sense keeps a person safe at least in terms of veering off course."
So if distracted driving is a growing problem, for both new drivers and experienced, then what can you do to prevent being involved in an accident?
7 top tips to avoid distracted driving:
Feature image credit: Travel man / Shutterstock